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Tuesday, February 19, 2013

The Top Distressed Philippine Banks as of September 30, 2012

Editor's Note: The Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC) advised consumers to wisely choose the banks where they will deposit their money. The trouble is, most depositors don't and can't read financial statements before they open a bank account. The regulators, whose job is to safeguard the public's money, have not done a good job recently.  In the past ten years, two commercial banks, twenty-one thrift banks, and a staggering 187 rural banks have collapsed, often quite suddenly and withoutwarning:  Regulators do have a problem bank list that they do not divulge to the public, for fear of sparking another bank run. So who can the public turn to, to advise them where to put their money? No one, except the banks themselves who will always promote their self-interests. This analysis is an attempt to fill in that knowledge gap, by screening out the weaker banks that seem ready to implode at any given moment.

Editor's Note: The ratio of Distressed Assets to Total Capital Cushion is a variant of the famous Texas Ratio, which was widely used by US financial regulators to predict bank failure during the US Savings and Loan Crisis in the 1980s and early 1990s. The basic premise is that a bank with Distressed Assets greater than its Capital Cushion is in danger of insolvency, because a significant drop in the value of  the Distressed Assets will eat into a significant amount of the bank's capital.  A bank that has a Distressed Ratio greater than 100% is flagged as borderline insolvent (highlighted in yellow).  For a more detailed discussion of this ratio, please visit a previous blog post: The Texas Ratio of Select Philippine Banks

This is a list of the top distressed Universal and Commercial (U/KB) as well as Thrift Banks in the Philippines as of September 30, 2012.  It updates the two previous blog posts: "The Top Distressed Philippine Banks as of June 30, 2012" and "The Top Distressed Philippine Banks as of March 31, 2012".

To see where your bank stands relative to these banks, please check the following previous blog posts:   "Philippine Thrift Banks Deteriorate in the 3rd Quarter of 2012" and  "Philippine U/KBs Show Some Deterioration in the 2nd Qtr. of 2012" and "Philippine Thrift Banks Continue to Improve in the 2nd Quarter of 2012".

Top Distressed Philippine Banks
By Total Distressed Assets/ Total Capital Cushion
September 30, 2012
In PhP

September 30, 2012
Bank Type of Bank Total Distressed Assets (In PhP) Total Capital Cushion (In PhP) Distressed Assets/ Total Capital Cushion (In %)
The Real Bank (A Thrift Bank) Inc. Thrift Bank 9,516,786,838.48 905,196,918.56 1051.35%
Bank of China Limited - Manila Branch U/KB 5,499,250,349.88 674,694,698.46 815.07%
Legazpi Savings Bank Inc. Thrift Bank 1,520,590,623.29 192,381,540.63 790.40%
United Coconut Planters Bank U/KB 57,684,765,438.46 8,345,167,762.71 691.24%
Village SLA, Inc. Thrift Bank 479,384,798.66 85,016,613.24 563.87%
Comsavings Bank Thrift Bank 2,197,560,806.67 473,592,378.81 464.02%
Iloilo City Development Bank Thrift Bank 270,977,193.00 66,264,793.70 408.93%
Planters Development Bank Thrift Bank 13,269,185,069.91 4,513,127,703.18 294.01%
Citibank N.A. U/KB 32,833,020,831.09 12,989,088,119.39 252.77%
Bataan Development Bank Thrift Bank 174,116,633.54 77,756,277.41 223.93%
RCBC Savings Bank Thrift Bank 13,586,838,184.29 7,221,683,741.37 188.14%
China Bank Savings Thrift Bank 1,898,139,702.21 1,022,928,082.14 185.56%
Standard Chartered Bank U/KB 5,005,651,960.87 2,819,162,911.12 177.56%
Farmers Savings & Loan Bank Thrift Bank 206,232,294.40 119,121,673.90 173.13%
Bank of Commerce U/KB 32,651,852,421.91 19,825,006,462.21 164.70%
Philippine Bank of Communications U/KB 8,517,589,737.08 5,361,593,642.74 158.86%
Philippine National Bank U/KB 50,799,838,940.95 32,504,359,516.71 156.29%
University Savings Bank Thrift Bank 338,464,989.50 229,473,016.94 147.50%
Equicom SB Thrift Bank 753,567,755.55 526,505,528.17 143.13%
Business & Consumers Bank Thrift Bank 111,827,390.14 79,127,256.40 141.33%
Luzon Development Bank Thrift Bank 646,205,486.15 467,765,497.15 138.15%
Hiyas Savings & Loan Bank Thrift Bank 234,237,686.41 171,907,664.98 136.26%
Opportunity Kauswagan Bank, Inc. Thrift Bank 186,298,329.74 151,324,998.37 123.11%
Silangan Savings and Loan Bank, Inc. Thrift Bank 62,568,695.13 51,238,430.87 122.11%
Malayan Bank Savings & Mortgage Bank Thrift Bank 1,351,217,546.60 1,151,079,672.82 117.39%
Korea Exchange Bank U/KB 659,493,409.58 595,807,841.52 110.69%
Producers Savings Bank Thrift Bank 672,527,873.94 649,839,788.62 103.49%
Philippine Veterans Bank U/KB 6,780,597,813.35 6,638,430,212.16 102.14%
Philippine Postal Savings Bank Thrift Bank 840,011,784.78 829,916,335.27 101.22%
Security Bank Savings Corporation Thrift Bank 1,351,287,204.45 1,335,142,276.18 101.21%
Grand Total
250,100,087,790.01 110,073,701,355.73 227.21%



This list only serves as a screening guide.  It is not a definitive guide and must be taken in the context of other factors.  The figures are based on the individual banks' statement of condition as of September 30, 2012 as published in the BSP website ( For this analysis, no attempt was made to go through the audited financial statements of each bank. Readers are suggested to make their own investigations and verify the figures presented. Both BSP and PDIC have their own problem bank screening systems that are much more sophisticated in scope and design, given that they have more access to information over the banks they regulate.


  1. Is Maybank Philippines considered a thrift bank? Is it a safe bank to invest in?

  2. Maybank is a Universal or Commercial Bank and not a Thrift Bank. It's not on the distressed list using the metrics I utilize. The metrics I use are a screening guide to screen out the worst of the worst banks. I advise all readers of this blog to do their own investigation and verify the figures presented. Read the above disclaimer.